Switzerland: Initiative to establish a basic income for all

Print E-mail
Society & You - Social Critic
Wednesday, 16 May 2012 11:35

In April, Switzerland formally presented an initiative to establish a new federal law known as " For a basic income "[fr]. The idea, which is simply to give a monthly income to all citizens regardless of resource conditions and the work has generated comments throughout the blogosphere Switzerland.

The Swiss referendum process [fr] is a system of direct democracy that allows citizens to request a legislative change at the federal or constitutional.

If the initiative to establish a basic income has more than 100,000 signatures before 11 October 2013, the Federal Assembly must examine and call a referendum if the initiative is considered credible.

Swiss Francs by Flickr user Jim (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).
Swiss francs, Jim user photo from Flickr (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).

In his blog, Pascal Holenweg explains what it is [fr]:

L'initiative populaire pour un revenu d'Propose inconditionnel base inscrire fédérale dans la constitution d'une l'allocation universelle instauration versée devant sans Conditions permettre à l'ensemble de la population of mener joins deign Existence et de la vie à participer post .

The loi et financement fixerait règlerait you will cette montant of allocation (the situent initiants them francs par mois à 2000-2500, soit roughly montant will aide sociale de l'maximum actuelle, mais ce montant pas dans n'inscrivent texte you de l'initiative ). We base est revenu inconditionnel: il n'est subordonné aucune à contre-prestation. Il est universel (tout le monde touche him) et égalitaire (tout le monde touche him montant même). Il est individuel (il est aux Versé Individuals, pas aux ménages).

Il n'est pas a revenu of substitution ou à un revenu a salaire perdu. In revanche, il replace tous les revenus of substitution (assurance chômage, retraite, familiales allocations, allocations d'étude, ent invalidité) qui lui sont inférieurs. Comment financer you? Par l'sur le revenu direct impôt et la fortune, par l'indirect impôt sur la consommation (TVA), a couple impôt sur les Transactions financières, et surtout des ressources par le transfert au financement de l'consacrées AVS, l 'AI, de l'aide sociale et des autres revenus of substitution montant du revenu au inférieurs base.

The popular initiative "for a basic income" suggests that "the establishment of a universal unconditional benefit" go to the Federal Constitution, which "would allow all people to lead a dignified life and participate in public life."

The law shall regulate the Financing and determine the benefit amount (the authors of the initiative suggest about 2.000 to 2.500 Swiss francs per month (or between U.S. $ 2.200 and 2.700 per month), which is almost the same as the maximum current payment social security, but this is not written in the text of the initiative [fr]). Basic income is not tied to any conditions: it is not subordinated to any consideration. It is universal (everyone receiving) and equal (everyone receives the same amount). It is also individually (paid to people, not households).

There is an income to replace lost wages. Rather, it replaces all replacement income (unemployment benefit, pensions, family allowance, study assignments, disability payments) that are lower. How do you finance? Through direct taxes on income and wealth, indirect tax on consumption (VAT), tax on financial transactions, particularly through the transfer of resources currently allocated to fund state pensions and unemployment payments, social security and other payments less than the amount of basic income.

In his blog [fr], Fred Hubleur states:

Le truc Important, c'est that ce est revenu pour toutes et tous fixe sans qu'il n'y ait of contrepartie de travail, oui, a sans emploi revenu. Cela peut choquer. Mais c'est dans le fond join idée parfaitement defendable. D'une part, on lutte contre la pauvreté et ainsi the précarité, plus social besoins d'aides complément et des autres of revenus dizaines DIFFERENT et d'aides à mettre en oeuvre complexes. Ce est revenu inconditionnel point Sleeps a bon pour l'innovation et la création. (...) On est aussi dans un nouveau qui peut Paradigm effrayer capitalistes them Acharnes: delivery of measured l'Homme et du travail lui rendre are prevalant statut d'homo sapiens homo travaillus d'à celui qui cours dans notre to tellement société.

The important thing is that this income is fixed for all without a consideration of work, right, is income without employment. This can crash. But deep down is a completely defensible. On one hand, poverty and insecurity, there will be need to strengthen social security other income, and dozens of different benefits and rigid. This unconditional admission is also good news for innovation and creativity. (...) We also have a new paradigm for persistent frighten capitalists: the liberation of the working man and restore its status as homo sapiens over homo laboralis (Editor's note: laboralis homo (homo travaillus added) is a game of words to describe the man that works) that exists in our society.

Martouf identifies a number of arguments in favor of basic income [fr], as shown here:

Human right to work: Our current labor principle> Money is not essential> garnatizado Basic Income. Freeworldcharter.org image through active rain and adapted by the French Martouf permission to publish.

This new world view has been studied considerably in the German-Swiss film Basic Income: A Cultural Impetus of Ennon Schmidt and Daniel Hani, two of the eight Swiss founders of the initiative:

"What would a basic income?"
In BIEN_Switzerland website, the Swiss branch of the global network that appeals to a basic income [in], the Internet users were asked the following question [Fr]:

Voilà, and ça est vous l'avez. Chaque mois sans vous condition Recevez 2500 francs. Dites-nous votre on Fri at changé quoi. Dites-vous ce que nous votre faites of temps. A quoi vous votre consacrez Fri?

Here it is. Receive 2.500 Swiss francs every month without condition. Tell us how your life would change. Tell us what you do with your time. What dedicarías your life?

The responses were varied. Antoine would open a restaurant. Gaetane a farm. Renaud is devoted to music:

Mon premier projet de fine serait of Tenter et de produire an instrument de musique que je suis en train de créer. Parallèlement à ça je cours d'utilization des proposerais mon préféré instrument de musique et dans la région peu connu

My first project would attempt to produce a musical instrument that I am in the process of creating and putting into production. At the same time, give lessons on how to play my favorite musical instrument, one that is not well known in this region.

You herfou70 give priority to his family [fr]:

Père de famille je suis (3 enfants - 11/06/14 ans) suis le seul et de la famille salaire. Disposer revenu d'une base of consacrer permettrait me plus temps à mes enfants. Mon épouse pourrait également avoir binds to celle qu'elle activité autre dans le foyer occupe, ce qui lui permettrait of plus s'épanouir

I am a father (I have 3 children - 6, 11 and 14 years) and am the only family income. Have a basic income would allow me to spend more time with my children. My wife could do something besides take care of our house, allowing it to grow and develop.
A poster by the initiative Poster of the "basic income".

On Facebook, those who support the initiative of the basic income have launched a competition [fr] called "star for life." Those who visit the site are invited to take a picture as if they were sentenced for life.

A basic income "will do more harm than good"

But not everyone is convinced by the idea. According to Jean Christophe Schwaab, a member of the House of representatives of Switzerland, socialists should not support this proposal, which he "will do more harm than good and will be a disaster for workers." He gave the following explanation in his blog [fr ]:

Les partisans du revenu prétendent base that revenu ce doit 'delivery of measured de l'obligation de gagner sa vie "et des emplois disparition entraînerait the poor peasant précaires ou, car, puisque le revenu minimum you garantit basic vital personnes ne plus voudra of ces emplois. Or, c'est qui se probablement produirait contraire him. Measurement applications montants Comme ces pas à atteindre suffiront ne le premier de l'objectif initiative, à savoir des conditions de Fri guarantee decent leurs obliges bénéficiaires seront of travailler quand même, malgré le revenu base. The pression d'emploi accepter n'importe quel disparaîtra donc pas ne.

Supporters argue that basic income must "liberate people from the obligation to make a living" and lead to the disappearance of unstable or poorly paid work, because as this guarantees a basic income to live on minimum wage, nobody wants those jobs. Now, it is more likely to produce the opposite effect. As low payments are not sufficient to meet the primary objective of the initiative, namely to ensure a decent standard of living, the beneficiaries will be forced to work anyway, despite the basic income. Not disappear pressure to accept any job available.

He added:

Enfin, le revenu pour base aurait inconditionnel serious défaut d'exclure définitivement bon marché name travailleurs du du travail (dont le droit alors on nierait au travail): ceux dont on ne pas la capacité jugerait suffisante of gain (for ex. in raison d'a handicap of measurement applications maladie ou Qualifications) n'auraient du revenu contenter qu'à is based.

Finally, worst of all, a basic income to permanently exclude a number of workers in the labor market (they are denied the right to work): Those who are deemed not earn enough (eg due to disability , illness or lack of qualifications) must content themselves with the basic income.

His analysis is controversial, as shown in the comments below this post. From a French perspective, Renault Jeff explained why the left is "against" [fr] of a basic income:

The gauche of the fin du siècle 19e et 20e du s'est forgée autour of valeur travail des travailleurs and Defence. Ce is retrouve combat dans la Défense du persistante salariat et de son St. Graal, we CDI, alors ce même that "statut" ne plus qu'une concerne Minorite de personnes.

The left end of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was forged around the values ​​of work and defense of workers. This struggle is about the endless defense of the employee and the Holy Grail of permanent wage contracts, even if this "condition" applies only to the minority.

With the launch of the initiative, Hubleur expected [fr] to start a big public debate in Switzerland:

Ce la porte will be au moins à un grand débat ouverte de societe et à l'occasion of ce que l'réfléchir on veut et à quelle on Fri vacuum. Ce système d'allocation universelle (ou autres noms), ça fait a moment que je suis him, je me souviens qu'on in avait dans des cours Parlé sur la et le lien social précarité il ya d'années dizaine joins à l' université. Le Prince est et merite qu'on franchement séduisant s'y arrete.
Quand on voit nous donne le monde that you capitaliste et productiviste système actuel, on peut prendre is good to reconsider d'autre chose, d'un monde plus chances laissant chacune et à chacun.

At least this opens the door to a wide public debate and the opportunity to reflect on what we want and the kind of life to which we aspire. I have been following the idea of ​​a universal benefit system (among other names) for a while. I remember talking about this in a class on social instability and ties a decade ago in college. The idea is really very attractive and deserves a closer look. When you see the world created around the current capitalist model, productivist, you can easily end up longing for something else, for a world that gives everyone a better opportunity.

Written by Stanislas Jourdan · Translated by Gabriela Garcia Calderon Orbe · View original post [fr] · Comments (0)
Share it: Meneame · facebook · twitter · reddit · StumbleUpon · delicious · Instapaper