Russia: The first woman in space 75 years old

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Society & You - Social Critic
Tuesday, 13 March 2012 15:01

Just days before the world celebrated the International Women's Day March 8, Valentina Tereshkova , the first woman to enter space, celebrated his 75th birthday.

Although the Space Race had its origins in the years following World War II when the United States and the Soviet Union began to develop a technology based on rocket, did not officially begin until the Soviet Union launched an artificial satellite called Sputnik in 1957 . Yuri Gagarin became the first human to enter space in 1961 when he piloted the Vostok 1 (Russian word for this). A few years later Vostok 6 was launched and Ms Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

The Engineering Pathway blog recalled the anniversary of spaceflight Ms. Tereshkova last year, and in doing so highlighted [in] the fact that his reentry into Earth's atmosphere, logged more flying hours than their U.S. counterparts all combined :

This Day -16 June 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space aboard Vostok 6 of the Soviet Union. At that time, Tereshkova completed three days in space, rather than the flight time of all American astronauts together. [...]

Tereshkova has received a number of medals and honors, including two Orders of Lenin, recognized as a Hero of the Soviet Union, the Peace Medal of the United Nations Prize in the Simba International Women's Movement, and the Gold Medal Joliot -Curie. In 2000 he was named the "Most successful woman of the Century" award from the International Women's Year.

The Woman of the Week blog - a publication dedicated to honor those who have made ​​significant contributions to engineering or science - looked [at] the history of Ms. Tereshkova:

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 in Bolshoye Maslennikovo in Yaroslavl Oblast of the Soviet Union. His father, Vladimir Aksyenovich Tereshkov was a tractor driver, and his mother, Elena Fedorovna, worked in a textile plant. He had a younger brother and an older sister. Vladimir, Valentina's father, disappeared in action during the Finno-Russian War 1939-1940, and Valentina and her siblings were raised by their mother.

Since World War II, Valentina recently started going to school at eight years. At 17 he had to leave school to work in a textile mill to help support his family. However, he continued his education through a correspondence course. Val learned to parachute through an auxiliary organization of the Soviet Air Force located in your town (Yaroslavl). He made his first jump in 1959 and created a Skydiving Club in the textile mill where she worked. [...]

Irina, a user of My, citing [ru] Lieutenant General Nikolai Kamanin that flight realized Ms. Tereshkova:

"I talked with Ms. Tereshkova sometimes. She looked tired but did not want to admit. [...] We saw the television camera and saw she was asleep. I woke and spoke of landing that was about to do by hand. [There were difficulties with the guidance of the ship and we were all very concerned]. [...] "

Then Irina gave a comment about the weather in space of Ms. Tereshkova and their landing in Russia:

Although nausea and physical discomfort, completed 48 revolutions around the Earth and spent nearly three days in space. Kept a diary and took pictures of the horizon which is then used to detect aerosol layers in the atmosphere.

The Vostok 6 landed safely in the Altai territory Baevski region, about 620 kilometers northeast of Karaganda. [...]

Then the lady herself quoted Tereshkova when discussing how it felt seeing the Earth fade in the distance:

"When I catapult, told me in silent horror, that finally admitted 44 years later, I saw the lake bottom and my first thought was" The Lord has sent a woman to be recovered from the water! "

The Woman of the Week blog give details of physical and mental demands of the three days in orbit of Ms. Tereshkova:

The flight was not without difficulties, the orbital module was oriented incorrectly and had to be corrected, it took one day desafortundamente convince ground control. Valentina got sick during the flight and got sick. To reduce your ground control discomfort perceived space, Valentina told him to come under his chair along the three-day flight. When we finally landed, suffered a blow to the nose which resulted in a dark bruise. In the propaganda tours that followed, had to wear heavy makeup to hide the bruise.

The Piece of Peace blog Polly explained [in] in a post 2011 the life of Mrs. Tereshkova after his historic trip:

After his pioneering journey, he was honored as Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin. He studied at the Military Academy of Air Zhukovskiy, and graduated in 1969. Tereshkova also held various positions in the Soviet government and the Communist Party. Speaking for the USSR, received the Gold Medal of Peace United Nations, among other international awards, including the Order of Friendship of the Russian President Medvedev this past April. He was briefly married to an astronaut, gave birth to first child of parents who had traveled into space: a daughter, who later became a doctor.

Member of the first group of cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova received the Order of the Amista. April 12, 2011. Photo credit: (CC BY 3.0)

The blog of Russell Phillips concluded [in] a post from 2011 on Ms. Tereshkova with a brief summary of his life, including his continued desire to travel to Mars:

When Tereshkova left school to start working at age 16, continued his education through correspondence courses. He graduated with distinction from the Air Zhukovskiy Military Academy in 1969 and earned a doctorate in engineering in 1977. During the celebrations of its 70 years, said he would have liked to travel to Mars, even a trip.

Written by Donna Welles · Translated by Gabriela Garcia Calderon Orbe · View original post [en] · Comments (0)
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