Synovial fluid

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Society & You - Health
Tuesday, 14 June 2011 10:33

Synovial fluid, what good is the synovial fluid?, Why is analysis can be revealing in diseases such as arthritis ?

The synovial fluid is present in our joints like knee , elbow or hip. Looking like the egg is a mezcal and plasma hyaluronic acid. In De tell you more about the synovial fluid.


What is?

  • Synovial fluid lubricates and reduces friction between joints, cartilage and other tissues during movement or weight-bearing case, plus a half provides nutrition to the cartilage.
  • The synovial fluid contributes to the damping effect on our bones and cartilage, provides us with oxygen and other nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of both cartilage and other joint parres.
  • The synovial fluid also removes waste products from the cartilage and carbon dioxide takes them into the bloodstream to be eliminated from the body.
  • The synovial effusion may occur if there has been a blow to the knee or other joint, damage to the meniscus or ligament, bone and any gaps in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

knee pain

Synovial fluid analysis provides information to the doctor

  • The physical and chemical changes of the synovial fluid reflect pathological processes in the joint.
  • Normal synovial fluid is clear and pale yellow texture similar to egg white, with a specific gravity similar to plasma and viscous texture due to hyaluronic acid.
  • An analysis is 99% of mucoproteins in the liquid and long-chain polymers. If inflammation is the synovial fluid is less viscous and destroys the repeating units of glucuronic acid and acetyl glocosimana. This provides information to the physician of the presence of inflammatory fluid. ganglian_cyst
  • Among the most common inflammatory processes are pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus erythematosus.
  • Among the most common non-inflammatory processes are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or osteocondraomatosis neuroarthropathy image020 Under certain conditions such as arthritis is necessary to make analytical synovial fluid. Through studies and arthrocentesis are collected synovial fluid samples to observe their variations, texture, color, protein concentration, glucose, leukocyte study, crystals, etc. bacteriological study.

They usually perform synovial fluid analysis in diseases such as:

  • Hemophilia
  • Septic Arthritis
  • Arthritis immune reactions

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