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|Culture & Science - Science|
|Thursday, 13 November 2008 15:37|
Until recently it was believed that the origin of civilization had thanked that agriculture had led a sedentary lifestyle, and the establishment of towns, and these the great temples. But now all that has been reeling since discovered a temple of 11 thousand years ago in Turkey. This means that the temples would have arrived earlier than the city.
This is one of the most interesting archaeological discoveries of recent times. Near the town of Urfa in southeastern Turkey, the German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt discovered a huge temple, which would even be much older than Stonehenge (5500 years).
To give you an idea, the people who built this temple in present day Turkey, from 11 thousand years old, were people still had not mastered the metal or pottery.
The site was named Gobekli Tepe, and Schmidt has worked at the scene over a decade. These stone carvings, which for the archaeologist would be the oldest temple in the world. They are pillars, standing stones, forming circles.
Each ring has a similar shape and center are two large stone T-shaped The largest pillar is about 5 feet and weigh between seven and ten tons. Most are smooth, but others have carvings of lions, scorpions, foxes and buzzards.
There have uncovered evidence that people lived permanently in the reservoir, so it is believed that it was only a religious place.
The dating of the deposit is by association, since it has been discovered stone tools of a similar style to other sites and dated at about 11 thousand years old. Schmidt made some carbon-14 dating, limited, but also close to that date.
All this was before the domestication of animals and crops, which have occurred in the area between 500 and 1000 years after the establishment of this temple. That's why Schmidt and his colleague Joris Peters, archaeozoological University of Munich, believes that both physical inactivity, such as agriculture and cities grew around the temples.